Image Sources

Unless otherwise noted within a page my sources are as follows:


A History of Costume. Rachel H. Kemper. Newsweek Books. 1997.

American Fashion. The Fashion Institute of Technology. The New York Times Book Co. 1975.

Chanel The Couturiere At Work. Amy De La Haye, Shelley Tobin. The Overlook Press. 1994.

Couture, The Great Designers. Stewart, Tabori, & Chang. 1997.

European Costume. Doreen Yarwood. Bonanza Books. 1975.

Fashion A History from the 18th to the 20th Century. Taschen Books. Kyoto Costume Institute

Fifty Years of Fashion: New Look to Now. Valerie Steele. Yale University Press. 2000.

A History of Costume. Rachel H. Kemper. Newsweek Books, New York. 1977

If This Was Happiness: A Biography of Rita Hayworth. Leaming, Barbara. Viking 1989.

In a Glamorous Fashion: The Fabulous Years of Hollywood Costume Design. Robert W. Lavine.
Charles Scribner's Sons. 1980.

Populuxe. Thomas Hine. Alfred A. Knopf New York. 1986

Secrets of the Couturiers, New York City. Exeter Books. 1984.

Shopping For Vintage. Funmi Odulate. St. Martin's Press. 2008

Textiles for the Consumer. Nancy Belck, Sara M. Butler, Marlene Wamhoff. Michigan State University Press. 1990.

The Hats, Trends, and Traditions. Susie Hopkins. London: Aurum Press. 1999.

Vintage Fashion. Carlton Books. 20006. Foreword by Zandra Rhodes

Official John Wayne Website

Jimmy Stewart Museum

Cristobal Balenciaga Museoa

Official Roy Rogers Website

Ava Gardner Museum

Museum at FIT

Smithsonian National Museum of American History

The Metropolitan Museum

Victoria and Albert Museum

Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas

Torb and Reiner

FIDM Museum and Galleries

New York Times


Image Sources

As specified in Living In Fifties Fashion's copyright notice, most of the images found on this site are from the public domain or were obtained from Creative Commons.

Any copyrighted images are so noted on the page. These images are the copyright holders property with special permission obtained from the copyright holder to publish on this site only.

Creative Commons 2.0 License
Creative Commons 3.0 License

Unless otherwise noted on the image page or within the image source page, all the images herein are in the public domain for the following reasons:
  • The work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work prepared by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.
  • The work is in the public domain because it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1963 and although there may or may not have been a copyright notice, the copyright was not renewed. Unless its author has been dead for the required period, it is copyrighted in the countries or areas that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada (50 pma), Mainland China (50 pma, not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 pma), Mexico (100 pma), Switzerland (70 pma), and other countries with individual treaties.
  • This work is in the public domain in that it was published in the United States between 1923 and 1977 and without a copyright notice. Unless its author has been dead for several years, it is copyrighted in jurisdictions that do not apply the rule of the shorter term for US works, such as Canada (50 p.m.a.), Mainland China (50 p.m.a., not Hong Kong or Macao), Germany (70 p.m.a.), Mexico (100 p.m.a.), Switzerland (70 p.m.a.), and other countries with individual treaties.
  • Jacqueline Kennedy wedding photograph is in Wikipedia Commons and Public Domain.By Toni Frissell (Library of Congress[1]) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
  • Ava Gardner - This photographic image was published before December 31st 1956, or photographed before 1946 and not published for 10 years thereafter, under jurisdiction of the Government of Japan. Thus this photographic image is considered to be public domain according to article 23 of old copyright law of Japan and article 2 of supplemental provision of copyright law of Japan.
  • Pierre Balmain with Actress Ruth FordAs the restrictions on this collection expired in 1986, the Library of Congress believes this image is in the public domain.However, the Carl Van Vechten estate has asked that use of Van Vechten's photographs "preserve the integrity" of his work, i.e, that photographs not be colorized or cropped, and that proper credit is given to the photographer. For more information consult Restrictions on Van Vechten Photographs.
  • Bra Patent Image - This file is in the public domain, because this patent does not mention any copyright issues. The right to use this work is granted to anyone for any purpose, without any conditions, unless such conditions are required by law.
  • Christian Dior Wedding Gown. This work is now in the public domain in Iran, because according to the Law for the Protection of Authors, Composers and Artists Rights (1970) its term of copyright has expired for one of the following reasons:

• The creator(s) died before 22 August 1980, for works that their copyright expired before 22 August 2010 according to the 1970 law.
• The creator (or last surviving author, for all types of sculptures) died more than 50 years ago. (Reformation of article 12 - 22 August 2010)

In the following cases images fall into public domain after 30 years from the date of publication or public presentation (Article 16):
• Photographic or cinematographic works.
• In cases where the work belongs to a legal personality or rights are transferred to a legal personality.

The media description page should identify which reason applies.
  • Birth of a Nation Image - This image is in the public domain in the United States. In most cases, this means that it was first published prior to January 1, 1923 (see the template documentation for more cases). Other jurisdictions may have other rules, and this image might not be in the public domain outside the United States.
  • Elizabeth Taylor - Cat on a Hot Tin Roof trailer. This work is irrevocably in the public domain in the United States because it was first published in the United States without copyright notice prior to 1978.
  • 1700s Corset - This file is in the public domain because it has been released by the Los Angeles County Museum of Art with its "Public Domain High Resolution Image Available" mark. LACMA is unaware of any current copyright restrictions on Content so designated, either because (i) the term of copyright has expired, (ii) no evidence has been found that copyright restrictions apply, or (iii) because LACMA owns copyright but would like to share this Content with the public without exercising control as part of its mission to engage and educate its communities. LACMA does not warrant that the sharing of this Content will not infringe upon the rights of third parties holding rights to these works.
  • 1800's Scarlet O'Hara Corset This image (or other media file) is in the public domain because its copyright has expired. This applies to Australia, the European Union and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 70 years.
  • Hattie Carnegie Women's Army Corps. Uniform illustrations in public domain.
  • Mainbocher's WAVES Uniform Poster is in public domain.
  • Dorothy's ruby slipper on American Fashion Designers page: Image released under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license.
  • Breakfast at Tiffany's trailer image is in public domain.
  • Coco Chanel portrait is in public domain.
  • Retro Hairstyle images of Rita Hayworth, Audrey Hepburn, Lauren Bacall, Elizabeth Taylor, and Lucille Ball are public domain.
  • Fifties Hollywood Glamour images are in public domain.
  • Fifties Actors, Fifties Actresses, Fifties Cowboys images are in public domain unless otherwise noted.
  • Paul Poiret 1908 Illustration has Creative Commons Share Alike 2.0 license.
  • Fortuny Delphos Gown is in public domain as part of Project Gutenburg.
  • June Christy and Marilyn Monroe sheath dress images are in public domain.

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